"Red Worms, Wormpoop Fertilizer and Wormpoop Tea will Help Your Garden Grow the Way Nature Intended"
Purchase Construction Plans
for the Worm-bed Box




How to Make Worm Compost

      How to set up the worm-bed
         [Printable Version]

1. Start the worm-bed by shredding 1-inch strips of newspaper,

enough to fill the container.


2. Soak the shredded strips of newspapers with water.  Squeeze out the excess water and fluff-up the wet newspaper.  Place the fluffed-up wet newspaper into the container.  The container should be one-half to three-fourths full.


3. In a well lighted area or outside on a sunny day empty the worms on top of the shredded newspaper (making sure the light or sun is shining down on the box).  The worms will quickly go down into the bedding material because they don’t like the light. (If the area isn’t well lighted the worms won’t go down into the bedding and they might crawl out).  Once they go into the bedding they will start making their new home in the bedding.  Keep the bedding moist, but not wet, then;


4. Add a little soil over the bedding material.  Worms need soil or sand to digest their food.  Wait for about 7 days before adding other food to the worm bed.  The worms need to become acclimated to their new environment for the first week. 

      What kind of container is best?

1. Almost any type of container can be used for housing worms.  A medium sized worm box can process more than five pounds of food waste each week.

2. You may already have what you need to make a worm-bed.  My experience has proven that wood containers are best but not necessary. Find an old wooden crate, a sturdy wooden box, a plastic storage container with a top, even a wash basin or an old toilet bowl will do.  Whatever you use, your worm box should be shallow.  Red worms like to live near the surface where they can breathe. 

3. A Container that is 12 to 18 inches in depth works well, depending on the number of worms you start with two to three square feet of surface area is best.

4. Usually one pound of worms is enough to get started.  One pound is between 800-1200 worms.

5. Your worm bed should also have a tight fitting lid and holes drilled in the bottom for ventilation and drainage.

      What type of worm is best for vermicomposting?

1. Red Worms or (Eisenia fetida) are the best type of worm for composting food waste.  These worms are surface worms and stay in the top 18 inches of the soil. A CLOSED CONTAINER works well to confine the worms and and keep the process going.

2. Worms are easy to care for but they require food, moisture, oxygen, and a dark place to live.

3. Adult worms produce three cocoons a week and each cocoon will contain at least three baby worms and sometimes ten or more.

4. Every three months the worms should be harvested or separated from the castings.

      What do you feed worms?

After one week you can start adding fruit or vegetable scraps of any kind. Peelings or rinds from apples, avocado skins and pits, banana peelings, berries, cantaloupe rinds, carrots, (worms don’t like citrus as much as other fruits), cucumbers, grapes, green beans, greens of any kind, lettuce leaves, melons and melon rinds, onions, pears, pineapple, potatoes, tomatoes, or, strawberries, etc. 


They also like brown and green leaves, small amounts of grass clippings, straw, hay, yard trimmings, cow and horse manure, rabbit droppings, peat moss, and even sawdust, wood chips and mulch are great for Vermiculture.


The worm bed should never smell sour. If it smells sour then add calcium carbonate, crushed egg shells, dirt, sand, or more newspaper.  Usually if the bed smells sour it’s too wet.


Worms love fruit and vegetable trimmings but their mouths are very small.  Sometimes it is a good idea to put the worm food in a blender to liquefy it. The worms will be forever thankful.

      Is there anything you should not feed worms?

1. Do not feed the worms cat or dog poop because they eat meat products.


2. Do not feed them meat or dairy products.  Meat and dairy products like milk, cheese, eggs whites or yokes will sour and attract rodents.  Egg shells are fine to crush and feed to the worms.


  3. Don't Overfeed the Worms!

       Worms like a harmonious environment

    The worm bed should be moist but not wet, fluffy not compact.  If the       environment is off balance they will migrate out of the container to a more comfortable home.  Also if they don't like their food or it gets to acidic they will migrate out.

    You can herd the worms like cows by placing food in different locations in the worm-bed.  So if you want to harvest the worms from one area place food in a different location, the worms will migrate to the area where food has been placed.

    worms will migrate if the pHs balance is off.  If the bed is too wet, too acidic, too dry, too hot or too cold the worms will migrate to a more comfortable area.  I have seen them migrate in mass numbers.

      High tech worm-bed box

    The high-tech worm-bed box was designed to provide a sustainable living environment for the worms.  It was designed using recycled material for an environmental grand entitled, "Vermiculture Composting Demonstration and Re-utilization Site at LandLab" an environmental program at the California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, California in 1994.

    The design allows the life cycle process to regenerate as worms do the work by pushing castings (wormpoop) and cocoons through the screens to the ground below.  When the cocoons hatch the life cycle process begins regeneration in the soil beneath the worm-bed.  This life cycle is the process of things being born, living, dying, and being reborn again.

    Adding Vermicompost to soils aids in erosion control, promotes soil fertility, and stimulates healthy development in plants.  This is nature's way of recycling and keeping the earth in balance.

    This worm-bed has four removable partitions for easy access for feeding and harvesting.  The bed is 36" high (about waist level) this reduces stress on the back and legs from bending.  It allows the person working with the worms, to do so with less effort.  It also helps reduce the work load when harvesting the worms.

    To purchase the plans for this High-tech Worm-bed Box, worms, wormpoop, grant research, as well as Adopt-a-Worm Observation Chamber and other ideas go to the Shopping Cart.

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